Boating Safety Tips
Before going out on our beautiful waterways, it is important to think about safety. Early in the season, water temperature is a key concern because the risk of hypothermia is high. Throughout the boating season, there are many safety items to consider including clothing, personal needs and boat equipment. Depending on the type of boating you enjoy, you can modify your list accordingly.
Always consider the weather and water temperature – and this will help determine what clothing to wear or bring along. Even on a warm day, the water temperature in early spring can still be in the 30’s or 40’s and it won’t feel as warm on the water as it does on land. These lists are not all-inclusive, but should provide you with a good starting point for going out on the water.
- Dress in layers of clothing so you can remove layers if desired
- Fleece pants and
- shirtsWool socks
- A change of clothing in case you get wet
- Sun block
- Hat with a brim
- Warm hat if the temperatures are cooler
- Waterproof hood or hat if it is raining
- Windproof shell
- Waterproof jacket and pants
- Neck towel to tuck into your collar to absorb water
- Deck shoes or deck boots
- Sailing gloves or neoprene gloves
- Personal Floatation Device (PFD) for each person
- Proper size and in good condition
- Children should have a PFD which are approved for their weight and size
- Cell phone with important numbers such as:
- U.S. Coast Guard ( Lake Champlain Burlington # (802) 864-6791 )
- Boat Towing Service
- Boating friends who could come to your rescue if needed
- Navigation charts and equipment (key for Lake Champlain)
- Handheld VHF Radio
- Weather Radio
- Spare batteries for any electronics
- Safety harness
Note: It is very important that everyone wear their PFD especially early in the boating season due to the risk of hypothermia. Everyone should wear their PFD at all times. Adults should set a good example for children by wearing their PFD. If a PFD is uncomfortable, consider buying a new one that is comfortable so you will be more likely to wear it.
Some of the above electronics may be combined within one device. For example, a VHF Radio may also contain a Weather Radio so you may not need separate electronic devices for these two items. It is important that you understand how to use each of these devices ahead of time so when an emergency arises, you will be prepared to handle whatever may come your way.
Boat equipment: (depends on the type and length of boat)
- Fire extinguisher(s)
- Navigation lights
- Whistle, horn or bell to communicate with other boats
- Bailer or bilge pump
- Distress flares
- First Aid Kit
- Motion sickness medication
- Tools and spare parts for the boat
- Tapered softwood plugs in case of a through-hull failure
- Boarding ladder
A good source of information to determine what is required to be on your boat can be found in the “Federal Requirements and Safety Tips for Recreational Boats” booklet published by the United States Coast Guard. Another important aspect of boating safety is to know and understand the nautical “rules of the road” or Navigation Rules. This information can also be found in this booklet. This resource is available on the U.S. Coast Guard web-site:
Remember it is always better to be prepared than to wish you had brought certain items with you. Use a clear waterproof storage bag (Clear Dry Bag) to keep many of these boating items together. When boating, just grab your boating bag and you’re ready to go.
You may want to consider taking a boater’s safety course (especially if you are new to boating) which is offered by theWinooski Valley Sail & Power Squadron and can be found at www.usps.org/localusps/winooski. The International Sailing School (ISC) also offers a “Learn to Sail” program that is a comprehensive course for beginners or those with a little sailing experience. This course includes both theory and on-board practice with a keelboat. Information about the International SailingSchool can be found on at www.vermontsailingschool.com.
Written by Steve Charlebois – owner of Sea Dog Boating Solutions, LLC which is a boating consulting firm which can help you solve your boating problems and also a boating merchandise retailer.